To live well in spite of a chronic pain problem, you need to be a well-informed consumer. Learning about your health care condition is a good place to start. Select a condition below for further information, additional resources and tools that will help you communicate with your health care provider, promote wellness, and achieve greater control in your life.

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Acute Pain

Acute pain is pain that comes on quickly, can be severe, but lasts a relatively short time.

Advanced Prostate Cancer

A tumor that has spread outside of the prostate to other areas of your body is considered to be advanced prostate cancer.

AIDS-Related Pain

AIDS-Related Pain is a major issue for people living with HIV and AIDS. It affects all parts of the body and can significantly affect quality of life.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a form of arthritis that primarily affects the spine, although other joints can become involved.


Arachnoiditis describes a pain disorder caused by the inflammation of the arachnoid, one of the membranes that surround and protect the nerves of the spinal cord.


There are over 100 different forms of arthritis. The most common form, osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) is a result of trauma to the joint, infection of the joint, or age.


Arthrofibrosis is a complication of injury or trauma where an excessive scar tissue response leads to painful restriction of joint motion.

Ataxic Cerebral Palsy

Ataxic cerebral palsy is one of the rarer forms of cerebral palsy (CP); fewer than one in ten people with CP have the ataxic form.

Autoimmune Atrophic Gastritis

Autoimmune Atrophic Gastritis is a chronic inflammatory disease in which the immune system mistakenly destroys a special type of cell (parietal cells) in the stomach.

Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune diseases can affect many parts of the body. These diseases tend to run in families.

Avascular Necrosis

Avascular necrosis is the death of bone tissue due to a lack of blood supply. The hip is the joint most commonly affected by avascular necrosis.

Back Pain

Back pain can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain that makes it hard to move.

Behçet’s Syndrome

A rare multisystem inflammatory disorder characterized by ulcers affecting the mouth and genitals, various skin lesions, and abnormalities affecting the eyes.

Breakthrough Pain

Pain that comes on suddenly for short periods and is not alleviated by normal pain suppression management.


Bursitis is a painful condition that affects the small fluid-filled pads (bursae) that act as cushions among your bones, tendons, and muscles.


CADASIL is an inherited disease often misdiagnosed as MS or other neurological disorders.

Cancer Pain

Cancer pain occurs in many ways. Your pain may be dull, aching or sharp. It could be constant, intermittent, mild, moderate or severe.

Carpal Tunnel

Thickening from irritated tendons or other swelling narrows the carpal tunnel and causes the nerve to be compressed.

Cauda Equina Syndrome

Cauda equina syndrome is a relatively rare but serious condition that describes extreme pressure and swelling of the nerves at the end of the spinal cord.

Central Pain Syndrome

Central Pain Syndrome is a neurological condition caused by damage to or dysfunction of the central nervous system (CNS), which includes the brain, brainstem, and spinal cord.

Cerebral Palsy

A group of neurological disorders that appear in infancy or early childhood and permanently affect body movement, muscle coordination, and balance.

Cervical Stenosis

Cervical stenosis is the narrowing of the spinal canal in the neck which can cause pain, stiffness, numbness, or weakness in the neck, arms, and legs.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a complicated disorder characterized by extreme fatigue that doesn’t improve with rest.

Chronic Pain

Ongoing or recurrent pain, lasting beyond the usual course of acute illness or injury or more than 3 to 6 months.

Chronic Pancreatitis

Commonly defined as a continuing, chronic, inflammatory process of the pancreas, characterized by irreversible morphologic changes.

Coccyx Injury

A coccyx injury results in pain and discomfort in the tailbone area that may result in bruise, dislocation, or fracture.

Collapsed Lung (Pneumothorax)

A buildup of air that puts pressure on the lung, so that it cannot expand as much as it normally does when you take a breath. 

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

A condition characterized by burning pain, changes in bone and skin, excessive sweating, tissue swelling, and sensitivity to touch.

Corneal Neuropathic Pain

Commonly known as ‘dry eye,’ corneal neuropathic pain can be related to abnormalities of the nerve plexus.

Crohn’s Disease

Inflammation of the digestive system which can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, and malnutrition.

Degenerative Disk Disease

A condition where normal changes in the disks of your spine cause sharp or constant pain in the back and neck.


A common but serious illness that can interfere with daily life and cause pain for both you and those who care about you.

Dercum’s Disease

An extremely rare disorder characterized by multiple, painful growths consisting of fatty tissue called lipomas.


An inflammatory myopathy causing a skin rash that precedes, accompanies or follows progressive muscle weakness.


A condition that causes muscles to contract involuntarily, resulting in an uncontrollable twisting of the affected body part.

Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome

Also known as EDS, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a group of inherited disorders that weaken connective tissues.


A painful condition that occurs when tissue called endometrium, like that which lines the uterus, is found outside the uterus.


A condition characterized by episodes of pain, redness, and swelling in various parts of the body, particularly in the hands and feet.

Failed Back Surgery Syndrome

A term often used to describe the condition of patients who have not had a successful result with back surgery or spine surgery.


Fibromyalgia is a medically unexplained syndrome characterized by chronic widespread pain and a heightened and painful response to pressure.


A condition characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in joints; often the joint at the base of the big toe.


Headaches are the most common form of pain. Types of headaches include tension headaches, migraines, cluster headaches, and sinus headaches.

Herniated Disc

Also called a slipped or ruptured disk, a herniated disk occurs when one of the disks that cushion the vertebrae bulges or breaks open.


Also known as ‘water on the brain,’ hydrocephalus is a buildup of fluid inside the skull, leading to brain swelling.


A debilitating hearing disorder characterized by an increased sensitivity to certain frequencies and volume ranges of sound.

Intercostal Neuralgia

A condition caused by nerve compression in the abdominal area, often resulting in spasmodic pain around the ribs.

Interstitial Cystitis

A condition that causes uncomfortable bladder pressure, bladder pain, and sometimes pelvic pain, ranging from mild burning to severe pain.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Also known as IBS, Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a functional disorder, meaning that the bowel doesn’t work correctly.

Juvenile Dermatosis

An inflammatory disease of the muscle (myositis), skin and blood vessels that can cause muscle weakness and skin rash.

Knee Injury

A knee injury, or knee problem, is when the structures in the knee are hurt or diseased causing pain and difficulty walking.

Leg Pain

Leg Pain can be caused by a muscle cramp (also called a charley horse), injury, or other cause.

Loin Pain-Hematuria Syndrome

Loin Pain-Haematuria Syndrome (LPHS) is a combination of loin (ie kidney) pain and haematuria or blood in the urine.


Lupus is a chronic, autoimmune disease that can damage any part of the body including the skin, joints, and organs.

Lyme Disease

The most common tick-borne disease in the Northern Hemisphere, symptoms may include fever, headache, fatigue, depression, and a circular skin rash.

Medullary Sponge Kidney

MSK is a benign congenital disorder characterized by dilatation of collecting tubules affecting one or both kidneys.

Meralgia Paresthesia

A condition characterized by tingling, numbness, and burning pain in the outer part of your thigh.


A rare, aggressive form of cancer caused by asbestos that develops in the lining of the lungs, abdomen, or heart.


An intense throbbing or pulsing in one area of the head commonly accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.

Mitochondrial Disorders

A clinically heterogeneous group of disorders that arise as a result of dysfunction of the mitochondrial respiratory chain.

Multiple Sclerosis

A potentially debilitating disease in which the body’s immune system eats away at the protective sheath that covers the nerves.

Myofascial Pain

A chronic form of muscle pain that centers around sensitive points in your muscles called trigger points.


Inflammation of the muscles that used to move the body that is usually caused by an injury, infection, or autoimmune disease.

Neck Pain

Pain in the neck can be acute, meaning it lasts a few hours to a few weeks, or it can be chronic.

Neuropathic Pain

Also known as nerve pain, a type of chronic pain that occurs when nerves in the central nervous system become injured or damaged.

Occipital Neuralgia

A distinct type of headache characterized by piercing, throbbing, or electric-shock-like chronic pain.


A form of arthritis that causes pain, swelling, and reduced motion in the joints; usually affecting the hands, knees, hips, or spine.

Paget’s Disease

A disease that causes bones to grow larger and weaker than normal and can make them prone to breaking easily.

Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (PDPN)

Find PDPN Resources under our resource section. The pain symptoms range from pricking, tingling, pins & needles, electric or shooting, hot or burning, numbness, itching or sensitivity to touch. It’s most common in the feet,...

Parsonage Turner Syndrome

An uncommon neurological disorder characterized by rapid onset of severe pain in the shoulder and arm.

Pelvic Pain

Pain in the pelvic area that starts over a short period of time, anywhere from a few minutes to a few days.

Peripheral Neuropathy

A condition that causes pain and numbness in the hands and feet and is often caused by diabetes.

Phantom Limb Pain

Mild to extreme pain felt in the area where a limb has been amputated.

Pinched Nerve

A condition that occurs when too much pressure is applied to a nerve by surrounding tissues, causing pain, tingling, numbness, or weakness.

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

An inflammatory disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness, primarily in your neck, shoulders, upper arms, hips, and thighs.


A persistent inflammatory muscle disease that causes weakness of the skeletal muscles, which control movement.


A group of disorders that result from a buildup of natural chemicals that produce porphyrin in your body.

Post Mastectomy Pain Syndrome

A type of chronic postoperative pain that persists after a mastectomy or other type of breast surgery is performed.

Post Stroke Pain

Pain that follows a stroke; often a deep burning, pins and needles sensation accompanied by muscle contractions.

Post-Polio Syndrome

Post-Polio Syndrome is a condition that affects polio survivors anywhere from 10 to 40 years after recovery from an initial paralytic attack of the poliomyelitis virus.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD is an illness that can occur after living through or seeing a traumatic event, making you feel stressed and afraid after the danger is over.

Postherpetic Neuralgia

Postherpetic Neuralgia is a painful complication of shingles that affects the nerve fibers and skin.

Psoriatic Arthritis

Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis that affects some people who have psoriasis and can cause joint pain, stiffness, and swelling.

Pudendal Neuralgia

A rare problem with the pudendal nerve that can affect both men and women and cause pain, especially when sitting.


A condition caused by a compressed nerve in the spine that can cause pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness along the course of the nerve.

Raynaud’s Disease

A condition that causes some areas of your body to feel numb and cool in response to cold temperatures or stress.

Restless Legs Syndrome

A condition that causes a powerful urge to move the legs, making it uncomfortable to lie down or sit.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis is an inflammatory form of arthritis that causes joint pain and damage.


A growth of tiny collections of inflammatory cells in different parts of your body, most commonly in the lungs, lymph nodes, eyes, and skin.


Leg pain, and possibly tingling, numbness, or weakness, that travels from the low back, buttock, and sciatic nerve.


A viral infection of the nerve roots that causes pain and often a rash on one side of the body.

Sickle Cell Disease

A serious disorder in which the body makes sickle-shaped red blood cells leading to blocked blood flow that can cause pain, serious infections, and organ damage.

Sjogren’s Syndrome

A disorder of the immune system which causes symptoms including dry eyes and a dry mouth.

Sleep Apnea

A common disorder that causes the breathing to stop or get very shallow during sleep.

Spasmodic Torticollis

A painful condition in which your neck muscles contract involuntarily, causing your head to twist or turn to one side.

Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction

A structural disorder involving the billiary sphincter that may result in impedance of bile and pancreatic juice flow.

Spinal Cord Injury

Damage to the spinal cord usually caused by a sudden, traumatic blow to the spine that fractures or dislocates vertebrae.

Spinal Stenosis

When the narrowing of the spinal canal causes spinal cord or nerve pinching which can lead to persistent pain.

Spinocerebellar Ataxia

A term used to describe a set of symptoms that can occur when parts of the nervous system that control movement are damaged.


A rare disorder that causes a cyst to form in the spinal cord and can lead to symptoms like back pain and weakness.

Tarlov Cysts

Sacs filled with cerebrospinal fluid that most often affect nerve roots in the sacrum, the group of bones at the base of the spine.

Tethered Cord Syndrome

A stretch-induced functional disorder associated with the tethering effect of inelastic tissue on the caudal spinal cord, limiting its movement.

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

A group of disorders involving compression at the superior thoracic outlet that affect the nerves that pass into the arms from the neck.

Transverse Myelitis

A neurological disorder caused by inflammation across both sides of one level, or segment, of the spinal cord.

Trigeminal Neuralgia

A neuropathic disorder of the trigeminal nerve in the face that can cause episodes of intense pain.

Ulcerative Colitis

An inflammatory bowel disease that causes long-lasting inflammation and ulcers in the digestive tract.

Vascular Pain

Pain caused by the dilation or constriction of the blood vessels.


Chronic vulvar pain without an identifiable cause, often causing a burning sensation.


An injury caused by the neck and head being thrown suddenly backward then forward upon impact.